12 to 15 years (influenced by size)
12 to 15 years (influenced by size)
Petite: under 25 pounds
Miniature: 25 - 45 pounds
Standard: 45 - 100 pounds
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Both parents are Sporting group.
Goldendoodles often exhibit the intelligence of the Poodle, paired with the friendliness and ease of training Golden Retrievers are known for. Since both parent breeds are sporting and water dogs, Goldendoodles are energetic and love having a job to do — especially if that job is being an outstanding family companion.
Similar breeds to the Goldendoodle include:
Goldendoodles became popular in the 1990s in the United States and Australia (where they are called ‘Groodles’), bred with the family-friendly temperament of a Golden Retriever and the allergy-friendly coat of a Poodle. Encouraged by the development of the Labradoodle in 1989, Goldendoodles were also bred to be hypoallergenic therapy and service dogs, but quickly became sought after as family pets due to their friendly nature, intelligence, loyalty, and obedience skills. Given this mix, it’s no surprise the Golden Retriever consistently ranks in the top 5 most popular dog breeds in both the United States and Australia.
In the beginning, Goldendoodles were only available as what is called the F1 Standard, meaning puppies were bred from a Standard Poodle and a Golden Retriever parent. As people became more familiar with the breed, breeders received requests for a smaller version of Goldendoodle and began crossing the Golden Retriever with the smaller Miniature Poodle, creating the Mini Goldendoodle.
Breeders now classify Goldendoodles with the terms F1, F1B, F2, and Multigen, which tells you what breed or breed mix the puppy's parents are. Often this is done to highlight specific characteristics of one of the originating breeds, such as the curlier Poodle coat.
Goldendoodles have a great combination of the Golden Retriever’s social nature and the Poodle’s intellect. Their playfulness and ease of training make for a breed that thrives in a variety of dog jobs and sports. Start training young to keep their minds engaged, build foundational skills and positive socialization experiences, and prevent bad habits from developing. Doodles love to constantly learn new things, so consider daily trick training once you’ve got the basics down.
A Goldendoodle’s size determines the amount of daily exercise needed, and this breed will benefit from different types of physical activity beyond a daily walk. Goldendoodles usually love to swim, thanks to their water dog parents. Just be sure to thoroughly dry and brush out their coat to prevent matting and hot spots after swimming or getting wet.
Once a Goldendoodle is fully grown, they can make excellent jogging or hiking partners, but also love to take a long, meandering walk where they can sniff to their heart’s content.
Speak with your veterinarian about appropriate exercise for a Goldendoodle puppy. Until they are full-grown (bone growth plates typically all close by around 12 to 18 months of age), avoid strenuous or repetitive activities like jogging or running, as this can possibly increase their risk of damage to the growing bone and cartilage and cause pain and future joint issues.
The Goldendoodle breed benefits greatly from daily mental stimulation and brain games to keep them happy and entertained. Participating in positive reinforcement training for obedience or teaching tricks is a fantastic way to burn extra energy and further build the canine-human bond.
Due to their love of companionship and their sociability, Goldendoodles need positive exposure to alone time from puppyhood to help prevent or minimize any separation anxiety from developing. It’s much easier to prevent than to treat once it’s started. Make alone time a positive and relaxing experience for your Goldendoodle.
Goldendoodles enjoy a variety of dog sports, jobs and other activities:
Goldendoodles come with a variety of coat types, depending on what genes they receive from each parent. Their coat can be slightly wavy (closer to their Golden Retriever side) or more curly or wiry (closer to the Poodle coat). The most “allergy-friendly” Goldendoodle tends to be an F1B coat, meaning a Goldendoodle is backcrossed with a purebred Poodle, making them ¾ Poodle and ¼ Golden Retriever.
Often Goldendoodles are said to require minimal grooming, but this is entirely dependent on each individual’s coat. In most cases, the Goldendoodle coat needs daily brushing to prevent matting and regular professional grooming to keep the length manageable. If left ungroomed, the coat can grow up to 8 inches long. The hybrid coat is prone to matting and can quickly become a painful problem if the mats develop close to the dog’s skin: the curlier the coat, the more likely to mat.
Set yourself and your Goldendoodle up for success by introducing them to the brushing and grooming process as a puppy and in a positive way, with regularly-scheduled professional grooming at least every 8 to 12 weeks (or more frequently if you prefer a shorter coat length).
A Goldendoodle puppy as young as 12 weeks can be introduced to professional grooming, whether at a grooming salon or scheduling a mobile groomer to come to your home. You’ll want to make sure the facility is clean, your puppy is kept separate from other dogs, and they are up-to-date on vaccinations and parasite preventatives (be sure to check with your vet first). Breeders can introduce their puppies to different grooming tools (such as brushes, nail trimmers, and clippers) and handle them in a positive way as young as 5 weeks old. Owners can continue this proactive exposure training when they bring the puppy home.
Despite being a relatively new breed, the Goldendoodle has been frequently spotted in the homes of well-known individuals. Expect to see the Goldendoodle popping up in TV and other media in the coming years.
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